Kirsty Davey, Partner and Head of Corporate & Commercial at Coodes Solicitors outlines the duties of a company director, specified in the Companies Act 2006.
A duty to promote the success of the company
Directors must act in the way that they consider is most likely to promote the success of the company for the benefit of its members as a whole. If the interests of the members conflict with the interests of the company then directors may need to take professional advice.
A duty to act within your powers
Directors must act in accordance with the company’s constitution. They will be in breach of their duties if they exercise any power for a purpose other than that which it was given, even if they act in good faith.
A duty to exercise independent judgement
Directors should exercise their judgement in all matters including when deciding whether or not to follow external advice.
A duty to exercise reasonable care, skill and diligence
Directors must use a reasonable level of care, skill and diligence as can be expected of company directors. They must also take into account any specialist expertise they have to perform their role.
A duty to avoid conflicts of interest
Directors must avoid situations in which they have a direct or indirect interest that could conflict with the company’s interests. That applies, in particular, to the exploitation of property, information or opportunity.
A duty not to accept benefits from third parties
Directors must not accept any benefits, including bribes, from individuals or organisations outside the business in relation to their role.
A duty to declare any interest in proposed or existing transactions or arrangements with the company
Directors must declare to the other directors the nature and extent of any interest, (direct or indirect) they have in a proposed or existing transaction or arrangement with the company.
A duty of confidentiality
This common law duty overlaps with the duties on directors to promote the success of the company, to avoid conflicts of interest and not to exploit their position for their personal benefit.
Duties that arise in an insolvency situation
There are a number of duties that arise when the company is in an insolvency situation. Directors in this situation should take professional advice.
A duty to keep company records
It is the directors’ duty to keep company records and report any changes to Companies House and HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC), to ensure that the company’s accounts are a true and fair view of the business’ finances, to file the accounts with Companies House and the company’s tax return with HMRC and to maintain the Persons with Significant Control Register (PSC).
A duty to pay Corporation Tax
While businesses may hire other people to manage the company records, (e.g.an accountant), the directors are responsible for ensuring that Corporation Tax is paid.
PSC (Person with Significant Control) Register
The PSC regime came into effect in the UK on 6th April 2016. This requires most UK companies to maintain a PSC register. Failure to do so is a criminal offence. What constitutes PSC is set out in statue and can include a company or LLP rather than an individual. Our recent blog gives more detail on this.
For more information or advice on these issues, please contact Kirsty Davey at Coodes Solicitors on 0800 328 3282 or email email@example.com