Social media is changing the nature of domestic violence cases

Fri 28th Oct 2016

In National Domestic Violence Awareness Month, Coodes Solicitors Family Lawyer Sarah Evans comments on the impact of social media on domestic abuse cases.

Blog updated December 2017.

The widespread use of social media, particularly Facebook and Instagram, is changing the nature of domestic abuse. Not only is it creating more channels for abuse to take place, it is increasingly being used as evidence in domestic abuse cases.

What does the law say?

New legislation introduced in December 2015 broadened the legal definition of domestic abuse to include coercive or controlling behaviour. Social media provides new opportunities to carry out emotional abuse, intimidation or controlling aspects of a person’s life, such as who he or she is friends with.

Cyberbullying, revenge porn and online stalking are, unfortunately, a reality for growing numbers of people. Many of our clients report having had photographs or videos shared without their consent or being harassed online.

Social media posts are now widely cited as evidence in domestic abuse cases and hold as much legal weight as any other form of written communication. When we put in place a non-molestation order to protect a victim of domestic abuse from the perpetrator, this can now include online harassment. In other words, making disparaging remarks or sharing material without consent now constitutes harassment and can result in the breach of a non-molestation order. Before the widespread use of social media, we were often reliant upon telephone records as evidence of harassment, which give far less information than a social media post.

So, in some ways social media has made it easier for abuse to be evidenced in court cases. However, it does leave victims even more vulnerable to abuse. We now discuss social media use with all clients who come to us for support in domestic abuse cases. If you are in this situation it is vital that you think carefully about if and how you use sites such as Facebook, Twitter or Instagram to avoid further abuse.

Tips for protecting yourself on social media

  • Consider closing your social media accounts altogether, or temporarily, especially if you are, or have been, a victim of domestic abuse
  • Remember that if you have fled from an abusive relationship, being on social media can make it much easier for you to be found
  • Check your privacy settings to ensure your posts can only be seen by those you trust
  • Try not to use social media to obtain emotional support. Talk to a trusted friend or seek professional counselling, rather than sharing your feelings on public platforms
  • Be particularly careful about sharing any images of your children, especially if they have been affected by domestic abuse
  • Think before you post anything. Even if you remove a post that you subsequently regret, it could already have been seen and even saved as a screen grab
  • Do not, under any circumstances, post anything relating to a court case you are involved in.

For further advice and assistance on any of these issues, contact the Family Team on 0800 328 3282 or Also see our Guide to Ending Domestic Abuse.

Fri 28th Oct 2016

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