Making a claim for Personal Injury can be stressful and worrying. We do not want the legal process and the wording we use to make the situation worse so we strive to keep legal jargon to a minimum. We appreciate you will come across terms you may not understand so we have tried to explain these as clearly as possible in the definitions below, so that you fully understand the process you are going through.
If you need further explanation then please do contact us.
Another term for a barrister.
Where the Defendant brings a claim against the Claimant (usually when filing their Defence).
If you are a victim of violent crime, the CICA administers a compensation scheme for injuries sustained.
The process where the other side’s barrister or solicitor seeks to challenge your evidence by asking you questions in court.
A sum of money awarded to a party by the Court as compensation as a result of a Court case.
The document served by the Defendant setting out which part of the Particulars of Claim and the Claim Form the Defendant admits, which parts are disputed and which parts the Defendant requires the Claimant to prove at trial. The Defence will also include any alternative case that the Defendant wishes to put forward.
A person, company, other legal entity defending a court action which has been taken against them.
In medical negligence cases this is usually an NHS Trust (link to NHS negligence) or GP (link to GP negligence) and their insurance companies will deal with the claim and appoint solicitors if the case is issued at Court.
Any expenditure or costs which your solicitor incurs on your behalf and is payable to a third party (for example the Court, Tribunal, Land Registry or expert).
The formal process where parties provide the other side with relevant, material documents to the other side provided they are not protected by legal privilege (in which case they are permitted to be kept from the other side).
The process of explaining your witness statement to the Court in person at a court hearing. Normally a witness statement will provide the basis for this although your solicitor or barrister may seek to ask some further questions.